External Law Degree

External law degree : Degree in petroleum engineering.

External Law Degree

external law degree

    law degree

  • degree conferred on someone who successfully completes law school


  • Coming or derived from a source outside the subject affected
  • outward features; “he enjoyed the solemn externals of religion”
  • Belonging to or forming the outer surface or structure of something
  • happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; “the external auditory canal”; “external pressures”
  • coming from the outside; “extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph”; “relying upon an extraneous income”; “disdaining outside pressure groups”
  • Relating to or denoting a medicine or similar substance for use on the outside of the body

external law degree – NEW Slim

NEW Slim USB 2.0 External Slim USB 2.0 CD-ROM Drive for all Laptop notebook
NEW Slim USB 2.0 External Slim USB 2.0 CD-ROM Drive for all Laptop notebook
Need to load files, install programs or just play music from a CD-ROM disk to your netbook? Then you need one of our brand new External USB Powered CD Drives.
This very sleek and slim CD-ROM Drive reader complements the portability of your netbook totally. It will power itself from your netbook power supply via the USB ports and needs No Heavy or Bulky AC/DC Adapters. If youre on the road or out and about and you need a totally portable CD-ROM drive then this is it!
Included with this fantastic external CD-ROM drive are two USB cables. One is for the transfer of information from your drive to your netbook with the other to power your external drive from a separate USB port on your netbook. Also included is a Driver CD for Windows 98 and a small installation guide.
This external USB powered CD-ROM drive will work with Microsoft Windows XP / Vista / 2000 / ME / 98 MAC.
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USB Portable CD-ROM Drive is built to travel easily and maximize desk space
It connects to your computer via a USB cable. Because the USB cable also supplies power to this device, so no external power supply is required
Plug and Play, hot pluggable, and hot swappable features make this device convenient and easy to use
External CD-ROM Drive
24x maximum CD read speed
USB interface, USB 1.1/ 2.0 compliant
Data transfer rate up to 1.67 Mbytes/sec(max) when read/write the USB storage device
Win 98SE/ME/2000/XP/Vista compatible

Equitable Building

Equitable Building
Financial District, Downtown Manhattan, New York City, New York


The Equitable Building, designed by the firm of E.R. Graham, successor to D.H. Burnham & Co., has long been considered a key element in the development and passage of New York’s zoning law, the first in the country. Though never the tallest, it was on its completion in 1915 the largest office building in the world, replacing the original headquarters of Equitable Life Assurance Company, itself a pioneering early skyscraper of 1868-70. The H-shaped superstructure above a six-story base rises approximately 38 stories straight up from the lot-line with no setbacks. Peirce Anderson, of Ernest R. Graham’s firm, gave the enormous structure a Beaux-Arts ornamental treatment that emphasizes Roman classical detail at the base and top. Intended as one of the finest office buildings of its era, the Equitable Building was notable for its advanced elevator system and its fireproof construction. Its bulk and massing became extremely controversial, even before the building’s completion, when neighboring institutions and building owners tried to block its construction. Although not the only building responsible for the establishment of zoning, the Equitable became the prime example cited of the evils of unregulated skyscraper construction, as hearings progressed on what ultimately became the city’s new Zoning Resolution. While the original Equitable Building at 120 Broadway


The Equitable Life Assurance Co.

Founded in 1859 by Henry Baldwin Hyde, the Equitable Life Assurance Society was one of a number of insurance companies that grew into enormous businesses in the second half of the nineteenth century. Though Hyde founded the company at age 25, as a shoe-string operation in a tiny office, Equitable grew phenomenally in the decades after the Civil War, becoming in 1886 the largest life insurance company in the world. In that year, Equitable took in over $111.5 million in new policies, and counted over $411.7 million in outstanding coverage. Much of this success stemmed from Equitable’s many innovations. The company offered the first “incontestable life” insurance policies; issued what has been called “the first modern group insurance policy”; and moved aggressively into international markets, including by 1900 almost 100 countries. Among more general business innovations, Hyde is credited with inventing “the American sales convention.”

Hyde died in 1899, succeeded in the presidency by James W. Alexander. Allegations of conflicts of interest in the insurance industry led to the 1905 “Armstrong hearings” by the New York State legislature, which resulted in changed insurance practices. Equitable survived and continued to grow. A fire in 1912 destroyed the company’s Broadway headquarters, but duplicates of records had been made, and the company was able to regroup. By 1959, Equitable boasted assets of $9.5 billion, with policies worth a total of $33.25 billion. The company continues today as one of the world’s largest insurance companies.

New York Skyscrapers and the

Insurance Companies of Lower Broadway

Life insurance companies were among the first and most prominent builders of skyscrapers. The core of the New York financial district traditionally had been the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets. By the time of the Civil War, several banks and insurance companies had moved to new buildings on Broadway and on side streets immediately to the north of Wall Street. These buildings were commercial palaces — richly decorated, Renaissance-inspired, multi-story commercial buildings. The first building to break with this tradition was the first headquarters built for Equitable Life at 120 Broadway on the corner of Cedar Street. (Fig. 1) Designed by Gilman & Kendall and George B. Post, and built in 1868-70, it was on a grander scale than previous office buildings and rose to a height about 142 feet (twice the height of an average commercial building), by making use of iron-cage construction, passenger elevators, and lightweight fireproof building materials. A financial success and a public relations triumph, the Equitable Building proved the viability of the tall office building, and today is considered a major breakthrough in the development of the skyscraper.

By 1875, New York had two other skyscrapers besides the Equitable: the Tribune Building (187375, Richard Morris Hunt, demolished) at 260 feet and the Western Union Building (1872-75, George B. Post, demolished) at 230 feet. Beginning about 1879, after a hiatus in construction following the financial panic of 1873, there was a general movement to replace older commercial palaces with larger elevator buildings, including a significant number of new buildings for the insurance industry. In 1893, a guidebook writer observed that “the life corporations have been among the prime causes of the city’s architectural growth, for the life insu

Revolutions Mandala

Revolutions Mandala
A mandala map of the Shingon Buddhist Mantra School’s cosmology.

There are three universal truths found in Shingon Buddhism, the universal essence, universal form, and universal function.

The universal essence is in regard to the chakra body, otherwise known as the wheel body. The chakra body is a circle composed of elemental circles which encompass the nature of all phenomena including the dharma, the law of universal norms, Buddhist teachings, karmic consequences, thought and all things. There are three Buddha bodies or three chakra bodies for three types of listeners. The first chakra body exists in its own nature, this body manifests in the form of Buddhas who read the innate original nature by meditation. The second is the right dharma chakra body which connects the Bodhisattva to those who search for liberation by right dharma. The third is the doctrine command chakra body which exists in wrathful forms that must command those difficult to convert. Each chakra body is made up five chakras into a Stupa which creates the Matrix world.

The first chakra is the earth chakra found just below the naval and represented by the yellow square. This is the root chakra which roots the lower body into the `yoga throne of indestructible diamond` This is the throne of Indra which casts light brilliantly onto all beings cultivating Ji. This chakra acts as support and ultimately resembles the uncreated. The mantra for this chakra is Namah a

The second chakra is the water chakra found at the naval which changes into the white circle. The water chakra, also known as the lotus throne, radiates like a clear moon and irrigates all things with the water of great compassion, nourishing all in Samadhi. This chakra acts as an agent of quickening and ultimately resembles ineffableness. The mantra for this chakra is Namah VA

The third chakra is the fire chakra found at the heart which changes into a red pyramid. This chakra shines like the red rising sun and emits a fire of knowledge to burn all defilements. This is a seal of the dharma world which acts as maturation and ultimately resembles a freedom of defilement. The mantra for this chakra is Namah ram

The fourth chakra is the air chakra found in between the eyes which changes into a black half moon. This chakra exercises the power of freedom and exorcises maleficent and demonic influences. This is the seal of turning the wheel functioning as growth and ultimately meaning freedom from causality. The mantra for this chakra is Namah ham

The fifth chakra is the space chakra found at the top of the head which changes to a blue jewel. This chakra is the great space, the great void and seal of the great wisdom sword. This chakra acts as all pervasive and ultimately resembles the attributes of space. The mantra for this chakra is Namah kham

The sixth Chakra is the consciousness existing above and beyond the head which changes to white or all colours. This is the chakra of perception and determination, formless in nature. This chakra is ungraspable and ultimately void. The first five physical chakras pervade the sixth and yet the sixth pervades all five. The mantra for this chakra is Namah Hum

These chakras are made of the primary colours including white, which is all colours, and black which is void of colour. All together these chakras colour and shade all things. These are the six eternal, omnipresent and indestructible elements which are irreducible components of all three dharma bodies, that of desire, form, and formless worlds.

The universal form is in regard to four Mandalas. The all pervading oneness which Shingon calls Mahaivairocana is the dharma body fused with form in the conditioned cosmos, equivalent to the virtues of one of the Buddhist faith. This dharma body is Mandala, the form of all encompassing and complete circle. The first of the four mandalas is the great mandala. This is the universe of form composed of the six elements and colours made up of images. The second mandala is the Samaya mandala which is the universe of symbolic form which identifies the Buddha’s powers and the bodhisattva’s vows through symbols such as the vajra, sword, jewels and such. The Samaya mandala is activated with the coming together of hand gestures called mudras. The third mandala is the dharma mandala which contains all sounds of the universe and identifies with the original vow. All sounds are resembled by their Sanskrit seed sound, the seed which flowers into all words. The fourth mandala is the action mandala which is composed of all actions and is uncoloured where as form is forgotten and form is seeing. In the center of the four mandalas is the great radiating light of the sun, of Mahiavairocana, all the mandalas existing as attributes of Mahaivairocana. The four mandalas within the being interpenetrate each other without hindrance uniting body and mind with Buddha body and mind in a universal form of suchness.

The Buddha said `Mandala is what gives birth to all Buddhas

external law degree